The Developmental Milestones section of our website provides information for parents about activities and/or achievements generally demonstrated at a given stage of a child's development. Please use the links above to see the milestones associated with each age. This information is a general guide to help you determine if your child is progressing at the rate expected for his or her age. Please keep in mind that each child is unique and develops skills at his or her own rate.

0-6 Months

Birth - 6 months

Fine Motor Development
  • Hands are frequently open.
  • Supports head for more than a moment when held upright.

Speech & Language Development
  • Makes sounds such as gurgling, cooing and babbling, plus crying.

Gross Motor Development
  • Moves both arms and legs equally well when lying on back.

Social Development
  • Responds to the voice of familiar caregivers.
6-12 Months

6 - 12 months

Fine Motor Development
  • Plays with hands by touching them together.
  • Begins to hold a bottle around 9 months.

Speech & Language Development
  • Appears to respond appropriately to normal environmental sounds.

Gross Motor Development
  • Can sit without support.
  • Rolls over.
  • Can creep or crawl on hands and knees.

Social Development
  • Able to watch and respond to caregiver’s face and simple cause & effect toys.
12-18 Months

12-18 months

Fine Motor Development
  • Uses index finger in isolation to explore toys.
  • Feeds self with thumb and forefinger.
  • Removes toys from a container.

Speech & Language Development
  • Uses several familiar words to label objects and people.
  • Recognizes and responds appropriately to spoken name and “no.”

Gross Motor Development
  • Can pull to standing and lower self back to floor.
  • Walks independently by 14 months.
  • Has good sitting balance.

Social Development
  • Laughs frequently and shows affection for familiar caregivers.
  • Participates in simple social routines (peek-a-boo, bye-bye).
18-24 Months

18 months - 2 years

Fine Motor Development
  • Imitates scribbling with a crayon.
  • Can stack blocks 3-4 cubes high.
  • • Manipulates toys into containers.

Speech & Language Development
  • Uses about 20 words consistently.
  • Puts two familiar words together.
  • Can follow simple directions.
  • Imitates new words more precisely.

Gross Motor Development
  • Walks easily on a flat surface.
  • Squats down to pick up toys and returns to standing.

Social Development
  • Gestures or points to call attention to most things, but frequency of verbal communication is increasing.
2-3 years

2 - 3 years

Fine Motor Development
  • Attempts to use a utensil for feeding.
  • Snips paper edge with scissors.
  • Imitates horizontal and vertical lines with a crayon.

Speech & Language Development
  • Asks many questions.
  • Has a large vocabulary of 300-450 words.
  • Uses 3-5 word sentences.
  • Responds appropriately to simple questions and directions.

Gross Motor Development
  • Walks and runs easily on most surfaces.
  • Walks up and down steps with one hand held.
  • Jumps from a 10-inch surface without assistance.

Social Development
  • Attends to one activity for at least 6-7 minutes.
  • Communicates most wants and needs verbally.
  • Talks to other children plus adults.
3-4 years

3 - 4 years

Fine Motor Development
  • Feeds self well with a utensil.
  • Opens loosened twist-on caps.
  • Imitates lines and circles with a crayon.

Speech & Language Development
  • Uses most all speech sounds appropriately.
  • Tells stories and shares thoughts in a logical format.
  • Understands location words and time concepts.

Gross Motor Development
  • Pedals a tricycle easily.
  • Can climb a jungle gym.
  • Walks on tip toes.
  • Jumps with feet together.

Social Development
  • Attends to one activity for 8-9 minutes.
  • Knows full name, address, and gender.
4-5 years

4 - 5 years

Fine Motor Development
  • Fastens large buttons and zips a zipper.
  • Cuts out simple shapes with scissors.
  • Begins to show a hand preference.

Speech & Language Development
  • Uses complex sentences that sound “grown-up.”
  • Answers most questions appropriately.
  • Uses past tense appropriately.

Gross Motor Development
  • Catches and throws a small ball from 5 feet.
  • Stands and hops on one foot.
  • Does a forward roll.
  • Swings self on playground.

Social Development
  • Begins to understand simple games with rules.
  • Interacts with peers appropriately.
  • Stays with one activity up to 15 minutes.